In 1970, Automotive Electronic Control Units (ECUs) was introduced in the automotive industry and since then, it has played a fundamental role in transition of Automobiles from being a completely mechanical to being an electronics/computer powered machine.

Today, high end luxury cars have over hundred in-built or installed ECUs in them. For example – a BMW 7-series vehicle is estimated to have 150+ Automotive ECUs to control and regulate the functions of the car.