Case Study

Case Study

About Client
The client is a multinational manufacturer of passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, components and production systems.
Business and Technology Context
With development cycles becoming shorter, architectures becoming complex and safety being paramount, it is important to detect factors causing software failure and ensuring a robust product. System requirements form the basis of development of software requirements and further development. It is important to ensure that the requirements are validated thoroughly before starting the design and development activities. Rigorous analysis of requirements involves looking for issues such as ambiguities, inconsistencies and missing requirements. The correctness of functional requirements is validated through analysis using expert domain knowledge and simulation based techniques. Often along with the functional requirements, safety requirements for the system are specified in detail.

A robust failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) helps in avoiding rework in software by anticipating and preventing failures in both design and process. Design Verification Plan and Report (DVP&R) tests if the design is fit for use in its intended environment. A traceability of requirements throughout the entire development cycle including the testing stages needs to be maintained to ensure high quality of design and end products.

The client wanted to develop a control software for its Model year 2019 architecture. The OEM wanted to cover requirements of all functionalities within the architecture with failure mode analysis. The OEM wanted to perform Design Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (DFMEA) and DVP&R as a part of the system engineering.

KPIT with its cross-functional team of experienced system engineers, quality and testing resources, aptly met client’s product development and validation needs and hence, was the partner of first choice to them. KPIT, being one of the few niche automotive technology companies with Automotive SPICE certification, proved to be a huge advantage for the client.
KPIT's Solution
KPIT developed a complete framework and process for System & Function Requirement development and ensured that the framework was developed keeping in mind HIL and Vehicle Level Testing. In addition to the framework, KPIT provided insights to mitigate design failures and enhance performance.

KPIT performed the following key activities for system engineering:
Performed Vehicle Function Development that included;
Studying the requirement document ,understanding the function behavior 
Preparing function block diagram & Defining working conditions and functional requirements
Defining/Updating diagnostic and recovery requirements
Feeding the Output as Vehicle function requirement document in DOORs
Conducted System DFMEA that included;
Creating a DFMEA document, with RPN number calculated for all the malfunction
Providing recommendation for design changes

System DVP&R Development that included;
Detail study of the calibrated parameters and threshold affecting the function behavior
Identifying test objective for each requirement (to be tested) and preparing test cases
Clearly specifying the acceptance criteria for each test cases
System Architecture Diagram included;
Architecture System Boundary & EE requirements
Key Success Factors and Client Benefits
KPIT worked on 40+ complex functionalities simultaneously ranging from engine, transmission to drive line
KPIT took complete ownership of the system requirement development from offshore, and provided consultation to bring performance enhancements in the design
Systematic reviews and collaboration with multi-functional teams at every step of the system engineering process ensured transparency and robustness
Key resources with INCOSE* certification ensured superior quality delivery
Achieved high level customer satisfaction in the deliverables with delivered defect density of zero


"DFMEA is a key activity in the System Requirement Development. Main challenge is to have a resource pool with experience from embedded to quality processes. KPIT arranged for DFMEA brain storming sessions with the Cross functional team including System Engineers and other stake holders i.e. control engineer, Quality engineers etc. for finalizing the Cause & Effect analysis, Failure detection strategy, Control decision for mitigation, Severity rating , Occurrence rating , and Detection rating etc."


Subject Matter Expert - System Engineering
KPIT Technologies

Tags: DFMEA, DVP&R, System Requirement, System Engineering, Failure Mode, failure mode and effects analysis, Design Verification Plan and Report, safety requirements, powertrain, automotive , ASPICE, System Architecture, RPN, functional requirements

  * INCOSE: The International Council on Systems Engineering is a membership organization with a mission to share, promote and advance the best of the systems engineering from across the globe for the benefit of humanity and the planet.

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